The Museum of Mosaics is located in the town of Devnya and it is situated in a specially constructed building. During archaeological excavations carried out in 1976 in this place was discovered a big Roman building.
This ancient building dates back to the end of the 3rd century - the beginning of the 4th century - time of Emperor Constantine I the Great. It was an urban house (villa urbana), designed as a typical Greek-Roman atrium-peristyle house. It took up the area of a whole quarter of the Roman town of Marcianopolis - one of the biggest towns in this part of the empire.
Five of the rooms and the portico are covered in floor mosaics, made of tiny stones – cubes of marble, limestone, baked clay, and glass painted in 16 colours – some of the best examples of Roman mosaic art found on the territory of Bulgaria.
They depict scenes and characters from the Greek-Roman Mythology, floral and geometrical patterns, exotic animals and birds, etc.
The bedroom floor is decorated with beautiful mosaic that illustrates a love scene.
The mosaic on the floor of the living-room depicts the shield of goddess Athena. It is decorated with the head of Gorgon Medusa in the middle. The purpose of this special image was to protect the owners of the house from evil.
The biggest room of the house is the reception hall. One of the central panels of the mosaic tells the Greek myth of Ganymede’s abduction. This is the only mosaic discovered on the territory of Bulgaria depicting this scene.
The museum halls exhibits various materials related to the architecture of the building and the way of life of its residents.